Professor of Experimental Medicine, 1977-1982
Born in Rio de Janeiro, he attended Marlborough College before studying zoology at Magdalen College, Oxford, which elected him a Fellow in 1938. In 1947 he was appointed Mason Professor of Zoology at the University of Birmingham, a post he held until 1951 when he became Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at University College London.
He won the Nobel Prize in 1960 for his work on making permanent skin grafts. Between 1962 and 1971 he was Director of National Institute for Medical Research at Mill Hill and then worked in the Medical Research Council Clinical Research Centre, Harrow, until 1986. He was Professor of Experimental Medicine at the RI from 1977 until 1982.
His main research interest was on the immune system, particularly relating to transplants, and he wrote widely on science. He served on the Agricultural Research Council from 1952 to 1962 and was President of the British Association in 1969.