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TEACHERS' NOTES
 

'discover… elements' is based upon Braving the Elements, by Professor David Philips, and Chemical Detectives, by Dr Bryson Gore, both lectures held at the Royal Institution. The aim of the site is to provide an interactive resource for young people which complements GCSE coursework and enhances your school's visit to the Royal Institution. It covers specific topics in the GCSE science syllabus, notably Double Award science Materials and their Properties. It also covers areas of the National Curriculum, specifically science KS4, Sc3 Materials and their Properties. The specific educational targets are detailed below.

'discover… elements' is divided into 4 main areas: the science, quiz, big questions and discussion forum.

The Science

the science is intended as a resource area for pupils to access from school or at home, and can be used either for learning prior to attending the lectures, or for further study and exploration after attending the lecture. the science is where the majority of the GCSE content lies, and serves to complement topics raised in the lecture. It covers the periodic table and the way elements are classified, the structure of an element, making molecules, and the role that chemistry and molecules plays in our world today. Each topic has an interactive activity that is intended to explain the more complex areas of the science. did you know…? facts are scattered throughout the site.

The 4 areas of the science are as follows:

1.

the periodic table: The history and development of the periodic table as we know it today. How are elements classified? Includes a brief history of the process which led to the invention of the periodic table.

This section includes the following activity:

  • obstacle - an interactive game-quiz which tests knowledge of the periodic table

National Curriculum / GCSE syllabus

  • Science KS4 Single and Double, Materials and their Properties: Knowledge, Skills and Understanding and Patterns of behaviour: The Periodic Table
  • GCSE Science Double Award, Materials and their properties: 11.11 The Periodic Table
2.

inside an element: This section takes a look inside atoms and their structure, with detailed information about protons, neutrons and electrons. Includes a history of the atom, and a description of isotopes.

This section includes the following activity:

  • carbon core - what's inside a carbon atom? This activity reveals the internal structure of a carbon atom, using interactive 3-D graphics.

National Curriculum / GCSE syllabus

  • Science KS4 Single, Materials and their Properties: Knowledge, Skills and Understanding: Classifying Materials
  • Science KS4 Double, Materials and their Properties: Knowledge, Skills and Understanding and Classifying Materials: Atomic Structure
  • GCSE Science Double Award, Materials and their properties: 11.1 Atomic Structure
3.

making molecules: What are the states of matter? How do atoms bond? Reactions and bonds, properties of molecules and the future: virtual molecules and nanotechnology.

This section includes the following activity:

  • molecule matters - take a close look at the molecular structure of ozone, and see how it behaves in certain reactions. Includes information about redox reactions.


National Curriculum / GSCE syllabus

  • Science KS4 Single, Materials and their Properties: Knowledge, Skills and Understanding, and Patterns of Behaviour: Chemical Reactions and Rates of Reactions
  • Science KS4 Double, Materials and their Properties: Knowledge, Skills and Understanding; Classifying Materials, Bonding / Quantitative Chemistry and Patterns of Behaviour; Chemical Reactions and Rates of Reactions
  • GCSE Science Double Award, Materials and their properties: 11.2 Bonding, 11.7 Representing Reactions and 11.8 Quantitative Chemistry
4.

molecules today: What role does chemistry play in the world today? This section discusses how chemistry is all around us, (pharmaceuticals, materials and foods) and suggests some of the roles which studying chemistry can lead to.

This section includes the following activity:

  • elemental - an exploration of some of the different areas of chemistry and elements which you might not have known about before. This activity is aimed to encourage interest in the subject.


National Curriculum / GCSE syllabus

  • KS4 Single, Sc1 Scientific enquiry, Knowledge, Skills and Understanding: Ideas and Evidence in Science.
  • GCSE Science Double: 11.12 Chemical Reactions
Quiz

The quiz is intended to be a follow-up activity, for students to test their absorption of the information in the science area, or after attending one of the lectures. All of the answers can be found in the science or big questions, but it is assumed that by taking on the quiz challenge the science student is already prepared. The aim is to answer all of the questions in the shortest possible time, and the fastest will receive a prize from the Ri.

Big Questions

big questions are intended as a 'further research' resource for use at home or at school. It is aimed to stimulate current research in chemistry, and specifically elements. You may wish to use these questions in the classroom to start wider discussion or individual study. The topic areas covered are:

  • How important is chemistry in the world today?
  • Will we discover any more elements?
  • How do chemists discover new molecules?
  • Are there more than 3 states of matter?
Discussion Forum

The discussion forum is intended to create an online community of learning, where pupils can discuss the topics that have been raised in the site with other science students. The discussion forum can be accessed by clicking on any of the 'Discuss it…' links in the science, or via the discussion forum link on the menu bar.

Useful Links

General information
How do fireworks work?
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/kaboom/

Internet 4 classrooms: for loads of recommended sites for use as resources in the classroom
http://www.internet4classrooms.com/chemistry.htm

Doc Browns Chemistry Clinic
http://www.wpbschoolhouse.btinternet.co.uk/

The Royal Society of Chemistry's online education centre 'LearnNet'
http://www.chemsoc.org/networks/learnnet/index.htm

THE PERIODIC TABLE
The Periodic Table with comic book related links
http://www.uky.edu/Projects/Chemcomics/

The Royal Chemistry Society's visual treatment of the periodic table
http://www.chemsoc.org/viselements/pages/pertable_fla.htm

MAKING MOLECULES
Chemical jigsaw
http://www.harmsy.freeuk.com/jigsaw.html

How do fireworks work?
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/kaboom/

Fireworks safety
http://www.fireworksafety.co.uk/

Molecules - 3-D graphics
http://www.amsat.org/amsat/ftpsoft.html

MOLECULES TODAY
Simple, common and interesting molecules
http://www.reciprocalnet.org/common/index.html

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