Space medicine expert and emergency doctor Kevin Fong, supported by the astronauts of the International Space Station (ISS), will present the 2015 CHRISTMAS LECTURES ‘How to survive in space’.
In December 2015, Tim Peake will become the first Briton in space for more than 20 years. In celebration of this momentous occasion, the 2015 CHRISTMAS LECTURES ‘How to survive in space’ will shine a spotlight on international achievements in space science and engineering on BBC Four this Christmas.
This year’s Christmas Lecturer is Dr Kevin Fong, an expert in space medicine, who will open a window onto today’s most exciting space missions, explore the future of space travel and offer a unique insight into the challenges of protecting human life in the hostile environment of space.
Kevin will present the demonstration-packed three-part series with the help of Tim, and his fellow ISS crew members, as he starts his six month mission on board the International Space Station (ISS), working for the European Space Agency (ESA) and supported by the UK Space Agency. Back on Earth in the Royal Institution’s famous theatre, in front of a live audience, Kevin will be joined by a host of special guests who will explain how their research contributes to the remarkable team effort of sending humans safely into space.
The 2015 CHRISTMAS LECTURES ‘How to survive in space’ will start by guiding us through the nail-biting journey from planet Earth into Low Earth Orbit and beyond. Then Kevin and ISS astronauts will reveal the challenges and dangers of daily life 400 kilometres above the Earth. They will demonstrate the ingenious technology and techniques that keep them safe and healthy. They will explain the unique science experiments they are part of: stretching our understanding of human physiology and survival in a way that experiments on the ground cannot.
The series will end with a glimpse into the future. Where will our spirit of adventure take us next and what could we learn from these new missions? We have successfully sent robots to other planets and the outer reaches of our solar system, but what would it take to send humans further afield? Could we, and should we, aim for Mars?
This is the story of human survival against all the odds; the story of how science, medicine and engineering come together to enable humans to live, work and travel in space, and ultimately to help answer our biggest questions about life, the Earth, the Universe and our place in it.
Kevin said: “I am incredibly proud to be presenting this year’s CHRISTMAS LECTURES, a programme my parents and I, and now my children and I, enjoy watching every year. I have been fascinated by space, and particularly the idea of astronauts, for as long as I can remember. The chance to work with British astronaut Tim Peake and the other astronauts on the International Space Station and share the wonders of space exploration with the next generation is an enormous honour.
“Sending a human into space is one of the most complex things that we as a species are capable of. To do it we have to strap a human being into a vehicle with enormous explosive capacity, and propel them at more than 27,000 kilometres per hour into an environment that is uniquely hostile to human life. As life goes, humans are pretty fragile and we depend on the thin sliver of atmosphere smeared around the surface of the Earth for our survival. The only way to keep a human crew alive out there in space is to wrap them in layer upon layer of science, engineering and technology. It’s amazing to think there have been people up there orbiting the Earth since 2000. But we can do this, there’s someone up there orbiting the Earth all the time! And when you realise that, and appreciate what it takes to put them there and keep them alive, you begin to think that with enough determination anything must be possible.”
He added: “I hope these Lectures help to show that science is the ultimate team effort. To send a human into space requires the combined imagination and creativity of thousands upon thousands of people, from a huge range of scientific and engineering disciplines, all working together. No one person can ever see all the moving parts, but every person is vital in the process. I hope that these Lectures demonstrate that the international currency of science is ideas and taking part in the journey of exploration is an incredible experience that is open to everyone.”
Kevin has close links with ESA and NASA’s human space exploration programmes – including with space life scientists and astronauts past and present – and over the past decade has worked alongside the British National Space Centre and UK Space Agency as a vocal campaigner for further British involvement in human space flight.Kevin is the founder and associate director of the Centre for Altitude Space and Extreme Environment Medicine at University College London (UCL) and is a regular contributor to NASA’s Human Space Exploration Programme; working with scientists investigating the effects on humans of long-term space exploration including looking at ways of creating artificial gravity on expeditions to Mars. As a practising NHS doctor, Kevin is a Consultant in Anaesthesia at UCLH (University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust) and a flying emergency doctor with the Kent, Surrey & Sussex Air Ambulance Trust.
The 2015 CHRISTMAS LECTURES ‘How to survive in space’ are supported by the UK Space Agency. David Parker, Chief Executive of the UK Space Agency, said: “Tim Peake’s Principia mission is the latest in a storied line of British expeditions beyond the frontiers of human knowledge. We have a remarkable opportunity to educate and inspire the next generation of scientists, engineers and technologists – all of them explorers like Tim.”
‘How to survive in space’ was commissioned by BBC FOUR and BBC Learning. Cassian Harrison, Channel Editor, BBC FOUR said: “It's been 20 years since a Briton last went into space, and on the eve of this incredibly exciting mission, I'm thrilled to announce that BBC Four will be broadcasting a series of lectures from the Royal Institution which will shine a spotlight on space science, technology and engineering. I hope these CHRISTMAS LECTURES will give a new generation of British space enthusiasts and would-be astronauts the information they need.”
Filmed in front of a live audience in the iconic theatre at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, the original science and engineering events for children were started by Michael Faraday in 1825 and have long been seen as a favourite British Christmas tradition. Since 1825, Lectures have been given by many distinguished scientists including Nobel Prize winners William and Lawrence Bragg, Sir David Attenborough, Carl Sagan, Lord George Porter and Dame Nancy Rothwell.
Gail Cardew, Professor of Science, Culture and Society at the Royal Institution said: “'The variety of space topics we could have chosen to cover in this year's CHRISTMAS LECTURES is almost as vast as space itself. But as we became more and more fascinated by Tim Peake's trip to the ISS later this year, we began to realise the sheer complexity and ingenuity involved not just in putting someone in space but keeping them up there alive! As soon as we nailed this topic, Kevin was the natural choice - with his broad knowledge and expertise in both medicine and space research.”
The 2015 CHRISTMAS LECTURES are produced by Windfall Films for BBC FOUR.
Kevin Fong is a medical doctor with a special interest in space medicine and extreme environments, particularly the medical and physiological challenges of long duration human space missions.He holds degrees in Astrophysics and Medicine from University College London, a degree in Astronautics and Space Engineering from Cranfield University and has completed space medical training rotations at Johnson Space Center, Houston and Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral.
Kevin has worked with research groups and senior figures at ESA in the past, organising and chairing a number of key meetings whose goal was to develop a strategy to further UK involvement in human space flight. He also took part in the European Science Foundation’s evaluation of the ELiPS programme, ESA’s life and physical sciences programme aboard the International Space Station.
In the United States Kevin has worked closely with NASA’s Human Adaptation and Countermeasures Office, forming part of their artificial gravity pilot study team. He has also worked as part of the team developing medical procedures for the X-38 Assured Crew Return Vehicle (ACRV) – a spacecraft that was once set to become the world’s first space ambulance. Kevin has close links with ESA and NASA’s human space exploration programmes – including space life scientists and astronauts past and present – and has worked alongside the British National Space Centre and the UK Space Agency campaigning for further British involvement in human space flight.
In 2000 Kevin founded the Centre for Altitude, Space and Extreme environment physiology (CASE) at University College London (UCL). This group looks at the challenges of protecting life when challenged by the extremes of illness, injury and the environment. In the same year he launched the UK’s first undergraduate course in extreme environment physiology at UCL which he continues to organise and teach on today.
As a practising NHS doctor, Kevin is a Consultant in Anaesthesia at UCLH (University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust) and a flying doctor with the Kent, Surrey & Sussex Air Ambulance Trust.
Kevin is as passionate about science communication as he is about human space exploration. He was one of the inaugural Wellcome Trust Public Engagement Fellows and is currently Honorary Professor of Public Engagement for Science and Medicine at UCL.
Kevin is also a science broadcaster and author. He has numerous BBC documentaries including; Space Shuttle: The Final Mission (2011), Mars: A Horizon Guide (2009) and Blink: A Horizon Guide to the Senses (2012). He is the author of Extreme Medicine: Life, Death and the Limits of the Human Body (2013).
Kevin grew up in South Harrow, north London and attended St Anselm’s primary school, Salvatorian College and Greenhill Tertiary College. He now lives in Brixton with his wife Dee and two sons aged 9 and 7.
Follow Kevin on Twitter at @Kevin_Fong.
The CHRISTMAS LECTURES are the Royal Institution’s biggest and most famous, demonstration-based science events for young people. They are broadcast on UK television every Christmas and have formed part of the festive tradition for generations – often being compared to the Queen’s Christmas message and the carols from Kings College, Cambridge.
The CHRISTMAS LECTURES have been inspiring children and adults alike since 1825. The Lectures were initiated by Michael Faraday at a time when organised education for young people was scarce. He presented 19 series himself, establishing an exciting new way of presenting science to young people.
The CHRISTMAS LECTURES have continued annually since the 1825 series, stopping only during World War II. Many world-famous scientists have given the Lectures including Nobel Prize winners William and Lawrence Bragg, Sir David Attenborough, Carl Sagan, Lord George Porter and Dame Nancy Rothwell.
The CHRISTMAS LECTURES have been broadcast on television since 1966, first on the BBC and then on Channel Five, Channel Four and more4. In 2010, the Lectures returned to BBC Four and the broadcast regularly reaches 2 million viewers.